Four Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

Four Common Causes of Lower Back Pain

 

Lower back pain is one of the most common complaints among adults. It can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it difficult to move. While there are many potential causes of lower back pain, there are four that are particularly common. In this blog post, we’ll look at these four causes and discuss how they can be treated.

Muscle or Ligament Strain

One of the most common causes of lower back pain is muscle or ligament strain. This type of injury occurs when the muscles and ligaments in the lower back become overstretched or torn due to physical activity or an accident. Symptoms of muscle or ligament strain include pain that worsens with movement, tenderness in the affected area, and difficulty standing up straight.

Treatment for muscle or ligament strain usually involves rest, ice and heat therapy, stretching exercises, and over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen to reduce inflammation and pain. In more severe cases, physical therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the muscles in the affected area and improve flexibility.

Herniated Discs

Another common cause of lower back pain is herniated discs. A herniated disc occurs when one of the discs between two vertebrae becomes damaged or ruptured due to age-related wear and tear or an injury. Symptoms of a herniated disc include localized pain in the lower back that radiates down one leg, numbness in one leg, and difficulty standing up straight.

Treatment for a herniated disc typically involves rest, ice and heat therapy, stretching exercises, physical therapy to strengthen core muscles and improve flexibility, and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen to reduce swelling and pain. In some cases, surgery may be necessary if other treatments are not effective.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is another potential cause of lower back pain. This condition occurs when the spinal canal narrows due to age-related wear and tear or an injury. Symptoms of spinal stenosis include localized pain in the lower back that radiates down both legs as well as numbness in both legs.

Treatment for spinal stenosis typically involves rest, physical therapy to strengthen core muscles and improve flexibility, anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen to reduce swelling and pain, steroid injections for more severe cases, and surgery if other treatments are not effective.

Osteoarthritis

Finally, osteoarthritis is another potential cause of lower back pain. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage between two vertebrae wears away due to age-related wear and tear or an injury resulting in bone rubbing against bone which can cause inflammation and pain in the affected area. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include localized pain in the lower back that radiates down both legs as well as stiffness in the affected area that worsens with movement.

Treatment for osteoarthritis typically involves rest; ice; heat; stretching exercises; physical therapy; anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen; steroid injections for more severe cases; weight loss if necessary; assistive devices such as canes or walkers; acupuncture; massage therapy; yoga; tai chi; biofeedback training; cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); ultrasound treatment; electrical stimulation treatment (EST); laser treatment (LLLT); radiofrequency ablation (RFA); stem cell injections (SCI); platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections; hyaluronic acid injections (HAI); viscosupplementation injections (VSI); prolotherapy injections (PTI); shock wave treatment (SWT).

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